Archaeology and the Bible

Biblical Archaeology is bringing the Bible to Life. But more than that, it provides unequivocal proof of the Biblical Narrative. It also unlocks greater depths of understanding the Bible. 

Tel Dan Stele

Untill 26 years ago, there has not been any proof of King David's existence. In 1993, a stele was found during excavations in Tel Dan where an unknown king boasts of his victories over the king of Israel and his ally, the king of the House of David.

Half Shekel Coin

Only a few found during excavations. The Half Shekel is a Biblical command: "And thou shalt take the atonement money from the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tent of meeting, that it may be a memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD, to make atonement for your souls." (Ex 30:16).

Proto-Aeolic Capital

The Proto-Aeolic capital was found by British archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon in a landslide, while she was digging at the site in the 1960s. It was one of the prime sources of motivation for archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar to excavate the northernmost part of the City of David in search of the palace of King David. David had forged a strong alliance with Hiram the Phoenician, king of Tyre, who built him a new palace in Jerusalem. This capital was reminiscent of Phoenician style masonry of that time period (3000 B.C.E). “King Hiram of Tyre sent envoys to David, with cedar logs, carpenters and stonemasons; and they built a palace for David” (2 Samuel 5:11). In the massive stone structure that was indeed uncovered by Dr. Mazar, pieces of Lebanon cedar were also found among the excavations. Putting all the puzzle pieces together, it is widely accepted that this was one of the grandiose capitals that adorned the palace of King David.

Priestly Blessing

One of the oldest and smallest silver scrolls in archaeological history was discovered in Jerusalem, containing 2,800-year old proof that validated biblical scripture. During excavations in 1979 in the Hinnom Valley, Dr. Gabriel Barkai and his team found a hidden chamber within one of the tombs that was replete with treasure. Among the artifacts were two purplish-colored objects that resembled cigarette butts. After further analysis, the archaeologists realized that it was a tiny, rolled up silver scroll. The scrolls were sent to some of the most experienced restoration professionals of ancient artifacts in the world. However, none of the experts wanted to attempt to open the brittle, millennia-old scrolls. The scrolls made their way home – untouched, and their content remained a secret. In an act befitting the Israeli spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship, technicians at the Israel Museum decided to attempt the procedure themselves. It took three intensive and challenging years of work for the scrolls to slowly share their content – an ancient Hebrew script etched into the silver. Extraordinarily, the tetragrammaton Name of God was also engraved on the scrolls. Once unrolled, the scroll measured 10cm long and 2.5cm wide, and was made of pure silver. Both scrolls contain the Priestly Blessing from Numbers 6:24-26 engraved on the silver in proto-Hebrew script. The Lord will bless you and protect you.
The Lord will illuminate His face upon you and be gracious to you.
The Lord will turn His face towards you and give you peace. The scrolls are the oldest known examples of a Biblical text on an archaeological artifact and precede the Dead Sea Scrolls by approximately 400 years. Read more here: click on the picture or HERE to read more. (Photo: Tamar HaYardeni)

The Golden Bell (of the High Priest)

In 2011, a small golden bell in the shape of a round ball was found during excavations of the rainwater drainage channel under the stepped road leading up to Temple Mount. It had a loop at the top, obviously to make it attachable to some piece of jewelry. Perhaps it was attached to the hem of the garment of a noble or important individual, as was customary at that time. Being that it was found very close to the foot of the Temple Mount on the road where the High Priest would have walked, especially during the water libation service of the Sukkot festival, archaeologists deduced that it might be one of the bells that adorned the hem of the garment of the High Priest himself. When Eli Shukrun, the overseeing archaeologist, shook the little ball, it rang like a bell. Research later revealed that it had a bell clapper inside. “You shall make on its hem pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, all around on its hem, and bells of gold between them all around: a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around on the hem of the robe. It shall be on Aaron when he ministers; and its tinkling shall be heard when he enters and leaves the holy place before the LORD, so that he will not die…”(Ex 28:33-35)

The Acra

The Acra is the upper fortified area of a Greek city that was built during the time of the Hasmoneans - dating it to the story of Hanukkah. The discovery of the massive fortification places the Acra south of the Temple Mount, in the center of the City of David – Ancient Jerusalem, spreading its colossal self over the width of the whole southern hill. Its location severed the Temple Mount from the rest of the city. Archaeologist Doron Ben Ami, the head of the Acra excavations, recounts the process: "For months we have been excavating one element, and then another. Everthing is here before us but we still don’t understand . Then, on one clear day, all the pieces just fell into place… I can now say with certainty…that we can put this question (of where the Acra is) behind us.” The site produced many finds, including sling shots made from lead, bronze arrowheads and ballista stones which symbolized the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes, numerous coins, ranging in date from the reign of Antiochus IV to that of Antiochus VII, and a large number of wine jars that were imported from the Aegean region. These finds testify to the citadel’s chronology, as well as to the non-Jewish identity of its inhabitants.
Photo Top: Remains of the Greek Fortress | Photo:Assaf Peretz Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority Photo Bottom: Sling stones and arrow heads with symbol of the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes | Photo: Clara Amit Courtesy the Israel Antiquities Authority Read the FULL STORY about Hanukkah and the Acra HERE

Ancient Seal Impressions from the Book of the Jeremiah

Two small clay bullae (seal impressions) found in the course of Eilat Mazar’s City of David, Jerusalem, excavations are bringing Jeremiah, prophet of the last kings of Judah, back to life.

The first of the clay bullae, was discovered in 2005 and bears the name “Yehuchal ben Shelemyahu”. The second was found in 2008 in the First Temple period strata underneath what has been identified as Nehemiah’s Northern Tower, just a few yards away from the first, and reads “Gedalyahu ben Pashur”.

In the Book of Jeremiah (38:1-4), both men are mentioned as ministers to King Tzidkiyahu (Zedekiah), who reigned from 597-586 BCE. The two, along with another pair, demanded the death penalty for the prophet Jeremiah in response to his plea for the king to surrender the city to the oncoming hordes of the Babylonian conqueror Nebuchadnezzar.

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Administrative Storage Center from Time of Hezekiah

Excavations in Arnona close to the US Embassy revealed one of the largest and most important collections of seal impressions uncovered in Israel. The impressions were stamped with the letters "LMLK" (to the King) written in ancient Hebrew script and the name of an ancient city in the Kingdom of Judah. READ MORE HERE

Archaeomagnetism revealing the immensity of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians

The discovery of the magnetic field during the destruction of Jerusalem, dated 9th of Av 586 BCE is a novel chronological anchor for archaeomagnetic dating – with specific-day accuracy. The destruction of Jerusalem provides a rare historical point that occurred thousands of years ago that we can date so accurately – down to the year, month and even day. A bittersweet moment, where Jerusalem leads again in archaelogy. Learn more about it HERE

Royal Stone Capitals from time of Kings of Judah

A rare, impressive, and very special collection of several dozen adorned architectural stone artifacts including three complete medium-sized stone capitals, which together were part of a magnificent structure, was discovered at the Haas Promenade in Jerusalem Learn more here:

Ancient Two Shekel Coin

An ancient weight, dating to the First Temple period, was discovered beneath Wilson’s Arch, Temple Mount in October 2020. “How exciting, in the month of Tishrei, whose symbol is the scales of justice, to find a souvenir from the First Temple period." READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

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why the fuss?

According to UNESCO (The World Heritage Foundation), Jerusalem and its history belong only to one religion: Islam. By this definition, Jerusalem and Israel, have no connection to the Bible. This page aims to set the record straight by citing unequivocal archaeological proof of the Biblical narrative. For Zion's sake, we shall not remain silent.

Read here how Palestinian Academics deny Archaeological Evidence

Read a recently updated article below regarding the UN and UNESCO's claim:


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